Adverbial Too and Enough

Adverbial is a word or phrase which functions like an adverb.

I. Too

a. Too means more than sufficient or more than what is needed. Too comes before adjectives or adverbs.

Pattern

too + adjective/adverb
too much/many + noun
too much/many + of + pronoun/determiner

Examples:

  1. It’s too expensive to buy a new cellphone of that brand now.
  2. He taught his little sister too fast that she couldn’t understand well.
  3. His parents gives him too much money that makes him wasteful.
  4. There are too many people in this room that makes this room lack of oxygen.
  5. They take too much of the joint venture result that makes others jealous.

b. Too states minimum and maximum requirements

Too is an intensifier which expresses something that is inadequate (below what is desirable) or excessive (above what is desirable). The expression is complimented by an infinitive.

Examples:

  1. Diana is too young to get married.

(She cannot/may not get married now)

2. The new cellphone is too expensive for him to buy.

(He cannot buy it)

3. The test is too hard for the to pass.

(They cannot pass it)

II. Enough

a. Enough means sufficient. Enough comes after adjectives or adverbs

Pattern

adjective/adverb + enough
enough + noun
enough + of + pronoun/determiner

Examples:

  1. This product is good enough for me.
  2. She sang beautifully enough last night.
  3. Now I have enough money to buy what I want.
  4. The farmer has given enough of the rice for his poor neighbor.

b. Enough expresses that something is adequate, within what is desirable. The expression is complemented by an infinitive. The infinitive may include a subject introduced by for (for him) to do.

Examples:

  1. Ratna is old enough to get married.

(She can/may get married now)

2. The new cellphone is cheap enough for her to buy.

(She can buy it)

3. The test is easy enough for him to pass.

(He can pass it)

III. Too and Enough

a. Not Too=Enough

Not too and enough express about the same thing, something is adequate or meets requirements.

Examples:

Diana is not too young to get married=

Diana is old enough to get married.

2. The new cellphone is not too expensive for her to buy=

The new cellphone is cheap enough for her to buy.

3. The test is not too hard for him to pass=

The test is easy enough for him to pass.

b. Not Enough=Too

Not enough and too express about the same thing, something is inadequate or doesn’t meet requirements, doesn’t meet what is desired.

Examples:

  1. Diana is not old enough to get married=

Diana is too young to get married.

2. The new cellphone is not cheap enough for her to buy=

The new cellphone is too expensive for her to buy.

3. The test is not easy enough for them to pass=

The test is too hard for them to pass.

Exercise

Write your full name and class in the box below!
1. It is … to say good bye to you. I am very sad.
2. He speaks … that hard to understand.
3. … love will kill you.
4. This cloth is …. It's safe for my baby's skin.
5. She walked …. It took very long time for her to get home.
6. The old man is … to move the table alone. He needs his son’s help.
7. Dewi is … to solve the problem. She can do it herself quickly.
8. The tree is not too high to climb. It means ….
9. The papaya is not ripe enough to eat. It means ….
10. Dhea does her jobs …. She always can finish all on time.