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The following is the summary of the types/genres of text. If you want to get the detail of each type text, simply click the the blue link in the types of text column.

The Types/ Genres of Texts


No Types of Text About Purpose Generic Structure
1

Narrative

story: fairy tale, legend, fable, myth, mystery, romance, horror, science fiction, etc.

to amuse, entertain the readers

orientation-evaluation-complication-resolution-reorientation

2

Recount

personal experience, diary, history, biography, autobiography

to tell the past event

orientation-event-reorientation

3

Spoof

funny story

to tell humorous story with twist

orientation-event-twist

4

News Item

news

to inform listeners or readers about events of the day considered important

newsworthy events-background-sources

5

Description

specific description

to describe a particular person, place or thing

identification-description

6

Report

general description

to describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, man-made and social phenomena

general classification-description

7

Explanation

the process

to explain the process involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena

general statement-explanation

8

Procedure

the ways or steps

to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps

goal-material-steps

9

Analytical Exposition

opinion with reiteration

to persuade the readers that something is the case

thesis-argument-reiteration

10

Hortatory Exposition

opinion with recommendation (should/not or must/not)

to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case

thesis-argument-recommendation

11

Discussion

opinion with for or against arguments

to present at least two points of views about an issue

issue-arguments for and against-conclusion

12

Review

opinion about art work, film, book, song, exhibition, etc.

to criticize an art work or event

orientation-interpretative recount-evaluation-summation

 

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