Analytical Exposition

What is it?

An analytical exposition is a sort text which is meant to persuade the readers or listeners that something is the case or important. In persuading the readers or listeners, some supporting ideas or arguments on why the writer’s opinion is important, are presented. Since analytical exposition is popular among scientists, academic community and educated people then you can find this type of text in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.

You certainly know that both analytical exposition and hortatory exposition are grouped as argumentative essay. Both present argument to support the thesis. But actually you can see the difference by seeing the generic structure. Analytical exposition ends with paragraph to strengthen the thesis or reiteration while hortatory makes a recommendation for the readers.

Social Function

The social function of analytical exposition text is to persuade the readers or listeners that something is the case or important.

Generic Structure


It states the writer’s point of view about the topic being discussed.


It consists of point and elaboration. The arguments to support the thesis are developed here.
Arguments are actually the core an analytical exposition. Their absence will just talk nothing, as a thesis must be evaluated.


In this part the writer restates the thesis, just like a conclusive paragraph from the previous statement.

Language Features

Using mental processes to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something e.g.: realize, feel etc.

Using Simple Present Tense e.g. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking.

Using enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments e.g.: firstly, secondly, finally, etc.

Using evaluative language is important to persuade people to agree with the writer’s opinion e.g. valuable, important, better, worst, true, important, clear, believe, obvious etc.

Using emotive words e.g.: worried, alarmed etc.

Using causal conjunction e.g.: because, therefore, consequently, etc.

Using modal verb e.g. We must preserve, etc.

Using passive voice e.g. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking

The Analytical Exposition Text Examples:

  1. Organic Food – The Benefits of Natural and Organic Produce
  2. The Disadvantages of Coal Mining
  3. Negative Effects of Television
  4. Air Pollution Dangers
  5. Fitness Benefits of Biking
  6. Danger of Smoking – How Cancer Will Ruin Your Health
  7. Negative Effects of Internet Usage
  8. The Wonderful Health Benefits of Drinking Water
  9. The Advantages of Studying Abroad as a College Student
  10. The Effects of Fast Food

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Filed under: English Course (Reading)

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