How to Express the Date in Mandarin

  1. Counting the Number 10-99

[table id=4 /]

Number 11 is 10+1=(shí)+(yī)=十一(shíyī)

25 is 20+5=二十(èrshí)+(wǔ)=二十五(èrshíwǔ)

2. Months

Talking about the twelve months, we just use number 1-12 plus the word (yuè).(yuè) means month. See the table below to know the 12 months in Mandarin!

[table id=5 /]

3. Telling the Date

If you want to say the date, you just need to add the number and the word 号(hào) or (rì). 号(hào) is more common in spoken form whereas (rì) is more common in written/formal form. The formula is …..月(yuè) ……号(hào)

For examples:

January 1: 一月一号 (yī yuè yī hào)

February 13: 二月十三号 (èr yuè shísān hào)

July 8:七月八号 (qī yuè bā hào)

Let’s see the usage in sentences:

1.我们一月一号去北京。

Wǒmen yī yuè yī hào qù Běijīng.

We go to Beijing on January 1.

2.他们二月十三来福州。

Tāmen èr yuè shísān hào lái Fúzhōu.

They come to Fuzhou on February 13.

3.我们七月八号会印尼。

Wǒmen qī yuè bā hào huì Yìnní.

We are back to Indonesia on June 8.

In English we normally put the time words at the end of the sentence, bu in Mandarin, we put the time words after the subject. Then go to Beijing in Mandarin we say 去北京 (qù Běijīng)= go Beijing. We don’t translate the word to.

4. Asking about the Date

To ask about the date, let’s use the three sentences above:

*If the answer is: 我们一月一号去北京。Wǒmen yī yuè yī hào qù Běijīng.We go to Beijing on January 1.

Then the question is: 你们几月几号去北京?Nǐmen jǐ yuè jǐ hào qù Běijīng?

*If the answer is: 他们二月十三来福州。Tāmen èr yuè shísān hào lái Fúzhōu. They come to Fuzhou on February 13.

Then the question is:他们几月几号来福州?Tāmen jǐ yuè jǐ hào lái Fúzhōu?

The question word is 几(jǐ ) which means which, so 几月(jǐ yuè) means which month, and 几号 (jǐ hào) means which day (of the month). So the literal translation of the sentence above is : You which month which day go to Beijing? (What is the date do you go to Beijing?)

One more thing you need to pay attention is, change the number to question word 几(jǐ), and sometimes of course you need to change the subject.

Read and practice the following dialogue!

X: 你的家人几月几号来福州?

X: Nǐ de jiārén jǐ yuè jǐ hào lái Fúzhōu?

Y: 他们二月一号来福州。

Y: Tāmen èr yuè yī hào lái Fúzhōu.

X: 你们几月几号去日本?

X: Nǐmen jǐ yuè jǐ hào qù Rìběn?

Y:我们三月四号去日本。

Y: Wǒmen sān yuè sì hào qù Rìběn.

X: 你们几月几号会中国?

X: Nǐmen jǐ yuè hào huì Zhōngguó?

Y:我们三月二十号会中国。

Y: Wǒmen sān yuè èrshí hào huì Zhōngguó.

 

 

Filed under: Mandarin Chinese

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